A Closer Look at the Tech Making Your Electric Car Possible
Electric cars are one of the top innovations in the automotive industry. They have emerged as the top alternative to gasoline-fueled vehicles. The way these cars work is by having an energy stored batter. This batter will then provide the energy the vehicle needs in order to function. With electric cars, drivers will be able to use a vehicle that will provide everyone with a very safe and clean means of transportation. It will be a more environmentally friendly alternative to vehicles that are powered by a combustion engine. As well as being more environmentally friendly, electric cars have a faster acceleration and also don’t produce any exhaust.
All electric cars are battery electric vehicles. As a result, they are propelled by a motor that is run by electricity. The vehicle will have a battery that is needed to be charged on a regular basis to keep operating. With this type of vehicle, the batter will provide power for a controller which will then turn this power into the energy that ignites the motor. When looking to charge the vehicle, drivers will be able to use a standard electrical outlet or go to a nearby charging station.
TYPES OF MOTORS
Electric cars have a number of unique motors. Each of these motors has their own features and characteristics. As a result, they will offer drivers with a number of advantages. When it comes to the motors of electric cars, drivers will be able to take advantage of AC motors and DC motors.
Source: Car and Driver
The first type of motors of electric cars are AC motors which are most commonly used by all EV and hybrid vehicles on the market. Alternating current motors are best for drivers who are looking for continuous power. They are advantageous for those who are looking to drive up and down hills. With this type of motor, the starting power is slower, but the vehicle can run at high RPM”s without getting too overheated. Another thing to keep in mind with this type of motor is that there is no need for a transmission. AC motor cars can move heavier vehicles as well.
When using an electric car, the other type of motor is the DC motor. While many people are often comparing the AC and DC motors, most drivers who are looking to convert to an electric vehicle prefer the DC motors. They are the more affordable option when it comes to electric cars. The DC powered cars are also much easier to control as well. Drivers will also get a vehicle with more initial torque and a peak power that is higher. As a result, electric cars with this motor are more popular with those who like to race as well as ones who are looking to get a more affordable electric car.
TYPES OF BATTERIES
In order to power an electric car, it will be necessary to have a battery. Batteries are among the most vital parts of any electric car that runs on proliferation. The electric cars need a lot of batteries in order to function. They must be installed in an array and stored into a battery back to operate. An electric car battery is hefty as it can weigh up to 1,000 pounds. It also takes up a lot of space as well. Most are fabricated in China and then are sent to wherever they will end up all across the world. Each battery must be powered on a regular basis in order to keep the electric car running.
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There are three main types of batteries. Each of these battery types has their own unique characteristics. The batteries offered by electric cars are the lead-acid batteries, lithium-ion batteries, and the nickel metal hydride batteries.
The lead-acid batteries are the oldest type of battery available for electric cars. These batteries are among the cheapest to produce and are compatible with a number of electronic devices. However, these batteries can be messy, toxic and are prone to explode when damaged.
With an electric car, consumers can take advantage of lithium-ion batteries. These batteries are ones that have high energy to mass ratio. As a result, they will have less weight per unit of stored energy. Each of these batteries retain their energy when they are not used. However, they often lose their capacity as they age. These batteries are considered to have the most potential for being available to the mass market. The one thing that can deter these battery types from being widely available is that they are costly. Another thing to keep in mind is that they are toxic and need special handling in order to be recycled.
Nickel metal hydride batteries are the third most common type of electric car battery. They have good energy to mass ratio and energy density. They are non-toxic which make them the easiest to recycle. The one disadvantage of this type of battery is that they do not maintain their charges very well when they are not used.
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Like gasoline-fueled vehicles with a fuel cell, electric cars need to be given energy in order to run. With electric cars, you will need to go to a charging station. This is a place where you put an electrical device into the car and wait for it to charge. Thankfully you don’t need to worry too much about overcharging your car like with hoverboards or other high capacity battery powered devices where there is a small chance of explosion in cheaply constructed batteries. It is recommended however, that you don’t constantly fill your battery to full and only charge it when it’s almost completely empty as this can cause the battery to hold less charge over time. The charging stations are very similar to gas stations. The main difference is, they are places that specialize in providing power for electric vehicles.
Electric cars have emerged as the potential replacement for gasoline-fueled vehicles. They are likely to be used more often due to their performance and environmentally friendly features. When it comes to electric cars, they are operated by two different types of motors as well as ones that come in three different battery types. With an electric car, consumers will be able to take advantage of a highly innovative and efficient vehicle.
Source: Hybrid Cars